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Inclusions in Baltic Amber

Inclusions in Baltic Amber

WHAT MAKES NATURAL BALTIC AMBER A SCIENTIFIC PHENOMENON? One of the elements is certainly the fact that Baltic Amber was formed over 45 million years ago, so Scientists are interested in Amber because of the remains of flora and fauna of that time. Inclusions in Baltic Amber are like snapshots made 50 million years ago, which give a possibility to study behavior of some species, the relationships between them. Insects got into the resin in unbelievable moments: laying eggs, mating, getting out of cocoons, spiders spinning their web or catching a prey; swarms of flies, mosquitoes or termites, which got into resin during wedding flights.

Sticky and tacky Resin became trap for insects, arachnid. Resin was very runny but got hardened when evaporated. Any trapped fly or ant remained preserved forever that's how inclusions were formed.

Unlike other fossils, which were usually compressed by sediment, Baltic Amber with inclusions is transparable on all sides. Earlier there were trials to take out a beautifully preserved inclusion. However, what a disappointment people experienced when the trial failed and the inclusion was destroyed. The reason is that the internal organs of trapped organisms are decomposed, but their surface structures survived to the smallest details: the tiniest hair and scales could be seen. Sometimes it seems you are looking at alive insects and not 50 Million Year Old inclusions. It allows scientists to describe and identify flora and fauna of those times. If to compare currently existing species to the species which are in the inclusion morphologically, you can trace evolution of living organisms.

About three thousands five hundred fossil fauna were found in Amber, 10-15% of which are presently existing species of insects that have not evolved much since. Only small, mostly forest-living species can be found, because bigger insects were strong enough to escape and water-living insects rarely got entrapped. The insects that lived in dry places or did not fly in spring, when trees were exuding resin and processes of tree metabolism took place, are hardly found in Amber.

The fauna preserved in Baltic Amber is almost exclusivery restricted to arthropods, with insects and arachnids making up a majority of nearly 99%. Inclusions of other phyla (worms, molluscs, vertebrates) are extremmely rare. Only 9 species of land molluscs have been found in Amber. The unique inclusion of snail's shell is exhibited in the Baltic Amber Museum.

100 species of ticks and 580 species of spiders have been found in Amber. Of all arachnids found in Amber most common prisoners were forest living spiders that used to live on plants, under the bark. These are tropical and subtropical varieties. Spiders are 9% of found inclusions. Besides spiders, the products of their activity, fine webs with particles of wood or dew-drops, even their prey that got sucked and dried out often occur in pieces of Amber.

Insects (90%) form a great amount of all inclusions found in the Baltic amber. The most common ones are flies and mosquitoes. They make 45% of all found items. Currently there are 74 families with 800 species. Two more known species are hymenopteran, such as ants and small hornets (450 species), and bugs (140 species).

The complete opposite of insects are fleas. There are 6 specimen known. Four species of fleas, which existed at that time, are detected. The first flea in Amber was found in 1910. This discovery became a sensation.

Feathers and hair give witness to the existence of birds and animals. But feathers are found rarer.

Fragments of plants that are found in Amber are usually small leaves, needles, flowers and their parts, sometimes small twigs and fruits. Apart from the very small stellate hairs of oak flowers, plant inclusions are very rare in Baltic Amber. On average, only one in a thousand inclusions is of botanical origin. The main reason is that plants, unlike animals, could only come into contact with the resin passivery.

Apart from fungi, lichen, moss and ferns we know a large number of flowering plants from Baltic Amber. The gymnosperm specimens are from conifers or cycads, though predominantly from conifers. The Amber forest must have been rich in deciduous trees such as evergreen, oak, beech, red chestnut, elm, laurel, willow and maple trees.

You have to admit that finding bugs and plants frozen in a time "capsule" from so many millions of years ago must have been a starting experience. For example, the movie "Jurassic Park" was based on finding the DNA of a dinosaur in the blood of a mosquito that was preserved for over 100 million years in natural Amber. Talk about extinct species! There's no disputing the fact that Amber has given us a unique window into the fascinating world of ecology in ancient times.

Baltic Amber is really amazing and beautiful. It has been used since ancient times, making Amber Jewelry and ornaments, as an ingredient in perfumes and has long been used in Folk Medicine for its healing properties.


Amber Artisans

About The Author

As a small business, both in our town and in the world, we are extremely focused on every customer. Quality is our #1 priority so that everyone who buys from us has a very successful and personal experience. We are working with natural genuine Baltic Amber and our craft is something we infuse in every sale we make. We want our customers to know how very important they are to us and that we care about every aspect of what we do. Amber is very personal to us. It's the treasure of our country. And it's the most powerful homeopathic remedy that we can give to each and every person who reaches out to us.

  • I'm thankful that I was home today when the USPS carrier rang my door bell and asked for the required signature confirming successful package delivery. The parcel arrived in perfect condition; I thought the bow wrapped inner box was a lovely touch! The cognac Amber Bracelets and matching Amber Necklaces are beautiful and because we're having a sunny day here in Austin, Texas, I've placed all of the Amber Jewelry outside to absorb some of this marvelous sunshine; I've heard that amber is sometimes called the Tears of the Sun. Also, I find it interesting that people* who can see the human auric field, say that it's one of only a few substances that strengthens and makes brighter the subtle energy body. The 3 bonus gifts: multicolored amber ring, cognac heart pendant, raw amber. Are very much appreciated!

    D. P. Austin, TX

  • Your account records can verify that I'm am a repeat client from the USA and have always been pleased with the quality of your jewelry products and customer service. The amber barrel-clasps on the necklaces have never broken or failed and are easy to fasten by using feel of touch alone, which is a big plus for the very elderly; while the strands of individually knotted, pebble-like, beads of polished Amber that compose the necklaces, have held firm and remained shiny and beautiful throughout years of continuous wear and are making many of my close friends very happy.


  • I give you my permission to use any portion of this correspondence to post on your website regarding customer satisfaction feedback.

    M. H.- Indianapolis, IN

  • I just got my sons Amber Teething Neckace today and it is beautiful! I will be recommending your business to all of my friends because not only is the quality of the product great, your communication was excellent. thanks again!


  • I had done weeks of extensive research, and ended up ordering a total of 6 items over three separate orders. This is a family owned company with excellent customer service and workmanship. Over the 3 month period I was ordering Amber Jewelry, they continually updated their website to be more extensive and user friendly. They are flexible and communicate promptly and professionally. They also want you to know that your Baltic Amber Jewelery is authentic, so they send extra beads and explain how to test them for authenticity. They also provide extensive information about the history and uses for their product. I have truly enjoyed doing business w/them as well. They guarantee your satisfaction and accept returns and exchanges. I wish there were more small, artisan-type stores like this. I definitely recommend them for quality, customer service and overall value.

    B. P. - Pensacola, FL

  • I received my Amber Necklaces in about 10 working days, coming all the way from Lithuania! It's hard to get US merchandise that quick. The experience with this company was fantastic. Everything they said about their product is true. I love the necklaces...they are beautiful Amber and of great quality. I received confirmation on purchase and shipping right away and was not concerned with credit card info since they use paypal. All in all this is a great company and I will purchase from them again and again.

    J.O. - Toronto, Canada

  • Dear Svajunas and Amber Artisans, We received our Mom and Baby Necklace set and absolutely love them! They are gorgeous and exactly what I wanted, not to mention the fact that they have helped with teething and neck aches. I have recommended your company to all my friends--thank you so very much!

    A.R. Tarentum PA

  • I had a slightly custom request with my purchase for Mens Beaded Bracelet and they more than graciously accomodated 100%. My order came, and was perfect and absolutely gorgeous. It is clear that they took care to not only make a quality product but to also make it a personal work of art. They should be proud. I will be doing business with Amber Artisans again soon! Thank you very much!


  • Very personable, excellent craftsmanship, I will absolutely return to Amber Artisans.

    P.G. Northridge CA

  • The rep at "Amber Artisans" responded to my email very quickly. And I received the Amber Necklaces shortly thereafter.I knew I was ordering from a company overseas and that was my main concern that the company was legitimate.So receiving an email that quickly was comforting.Thank you.

    M.D. Paradise CA

  • I am very pleased with our new Amber Necklaces. The craftsmanship is exceptional! The necklaces are beautiful and I feel safe with the attention to detail in the design. The clasp is easy to use and the individual stringing is peace of mind for my baby's necklace. She was cutting her two top teeth and miserable. I am not sure of the effects as of yet, since it is day two. It does take some time to recieve them as they are coming from Lithuania., so be patient.Thank you!

    E.P.- Glendale, CA

  • Amber Artisans has the highest quality Baltic Amber out there. I highly recommend them. I purchased Amber from another store and was not satisfied. Amber Artisans has the nicest and best priced amber. Their quality far exceeds others and the customer service is excellent, thank you Amber Artisans for truly believing in your product and putting so much love and effort into it!

    E.P.- Glendale, CA

  • This is my second order for Baltic Amber Necklaces, I gave mine away because my sister loved it. Your quality and authenticity is the best there is out there for Amber. My daughter wears her Amber Necklace every day and loves it. Thank you so much for providing such a rare, beautiful and healing necklace for us. As I mentioned to you in my email, my vitiligo is healing after wearing the Moms healing necklace for 2 weeks, it is a miracle!!! Thank you.

    M.C. Reno, NV

  • Beautiful Mens Beaded Bracelet, fast shipping considering the great distant. Thank you!

    E.K. - British Columbia, Canada

  • "Thank you so very much for the way you handled our order for Mother and Baby Amber Teething Necklaces. I wanted to let you know how truly thrilled I am about their quality! I was naturally a little worried, ordering it online, without feeling or touching it first.....but I am so completely impressed! I believe you have truly set the bar very high for having a "quality experience” with purchasing such an important item on the Internet. I am wearing mine everywhere and my little bundle of joy is wearing his.”

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  • "Just wanted to let you know the Baltic Amber Teething Necklaces we received were exactly what we were hoping for. The baby has been actually sleeping through the night and the teething pain has miraculously stopped. We will not hesitate to recommend your company to our friends."

    V.G. - Destin, FL

  • "WOW!!! The Amber Bracelets looked great online, but in person they are superb! My yellow butterscotch cuff really stands out and I don't mind the attention! Thanks for your efforts in shipping so fast."